All themes
Anne’s Diary Papers
The Museum
Otto and Fritzi Frank
The Helpers After the War
Miep and Jan Gies
Why is Anne Frank So Famous?
Printable version

In July 1945, Otto Frank receives tragic news. He hears that Anne and Margot have died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Then Miep Gies gives him Anne’s diary, notebooks and loose papers. She and Bep had found the books and papers after the arrest in the Secret Annex. Miep had been keeping them for Anne for almost a year. Otto Frank thought it was a miracle that Anne’s diary had been saved. At first he didn’t want to read it. He felt too much grief. Later he began to read it, slowly, each day a little more.

He was surprised about the daughter he discovered through her writing. It was a completely different Anne from the daughter he had known. There were all kinds of things in her diary which she had never told him. Otto Frank read that Anne had planned to write a book after the war about her experiences in the Secret Annex. He also discovered that she had already rewritten large parts of her diary on loose sheets of colored paper for that book.

"The Secret Annex"

Otto Frank let some of his friends and relatives read Anne’s diary. They thought it was very special, and so Otto decided to have a real book made of it. This was published two years later, first in the Netherlands but later in many other countries as well, with the title The Secret Annex. Soon, people all over the world wanted to read The Secret Annex.


In the book, the van Pels family, Fritz Pfeffer and the helpers were given different names, which Anne had made up. She decided to call the van Pels family the van Daan family. She called Fritz Pfeffer Albert Dussel. Miep Gies became Miep van Santen, Bep Voskuijl became Elli Vossen, Johannes Kleiman was Simon Koophuis, Victor Kugler was Harry Kraler, and so on. Otto Frank used these names as much as possible for the publication. In later editions of The Secret Annex (from 1991 onwards) the helpers are referred to by their real names.
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 21 November 2018
Then: 20 November 1945

Leading Nazis are brought to trial in Nuremburg (Germany). Some are sentenced to death, others to long prison sentences.