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This photo shows Margot Frank, Otto Frank, Anne Frank and Edith Frank-Holländer on the Merwedeplein square in Amsterdam. It is the only photo which shows the whole family together. It was taken in 1941. Anne is 12 years old at the time.

The Frank family is actually from Germany. Anne and her sister Margot were born in Frankfurt am Main, a large city in southern Germany. Their father grew up there. His mother’s family had lived there for more than 400 years. Their mother comes from Aachen, a German town near the Dutch border. When Edith Holländer marries Otto Frank in 1925, she moves to Frankfurt.

To the Netherlands

Margot is born in 1926, and Anne follows three years later. Anne and Margot live in Frankfurt until the summer of 1933. Then her parents decide to move to the Netherlands. It is becoming too dangerous in Germany. Otto Frank starts a business in Amsterdam. The Frank family feels safe. But the German army attacks the Netherlands on May 10, 1940.

Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 19 February 2018
Then: 19 February 1945

Some 30,000 United States Marines land on the Western Pacific island of Iwo Jima, where they encounter ferocious resistance from Japanese forces. The Americans take control of the strategically important island after a month-long battle.

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