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The Nazis and Propaganda
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The Nazis and Propaganda

Most Nazi propaganda was directed at Jews. This early image appeared in the Nazi magazine Der Stürmer in 1930, before the Nazis came into power. It states “The year has ended, the struggle continues”. In such propaganda, Germans are shown as a strong, handsome and superior race. Jews are shown as ugly, weak, deceitful and conniving.

The majority of German citizens did not vote for the Nazi party during the elections that brought them to power in 1932. So it became important to win the hearts and minds of the German people. The Nazis wanted all Germans to stand united behind their new government. There were Nazi flags and symbols everywhere. Posters, magazine articles, and films showed how happy the German people were with their new country, called the Third Reich. The attempt to manipulate how people think and feel is called propaganda.

No criticism

Nazi propaganda was used to make Germans feel proud of themselves but also superior to others, as a country and also as a race. No criticism was allowed, so all “un-German” books, art, and culture were banned. The Jews are described everywhere as a threat to Germany and the German way of life that had to be dealt with quickly and harshly. They were even compared to rats and cockroaches. Other groups such as Gypsies, Socialists and Blacks were also described in the media as a danger to Germany.

Lies and myths

The Nazi’s established a special ministry of Propaganda, called the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. With only one source of information, the German people come to believe many of the lies and myths that the government broadcasts day after day. After years of economic hardship and a sense of loss, it is hard to resist the wave of pride that was promoted by the Nazis.
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 19 November 2018
Then: 20 November 1945

Leading Nazis are brought to trial in Nuremburg (Germany). Some are sentenced to death, others to long prison sentences.