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The NSDAP’s Plans
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The NSDAP’s plans
A young man with editions of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf in various languages, 1940.

In 1925, Hitler set out his grand plans for Germany in Mein Kampf ("My Struggle"). Hitler and his party wanted to build a great and powerful Germany again. All territories where Germans lived should belong to Germany once more. Not only the territories that Germany had lost after the First World War, but others as well. Germans needed more space to live (Lebensraum), according to Hitler and his supporters. If that was to lead to war, then so be it.

The Nazis wanted a "racially pure" Germany. They divided humanity into "races." According to them, some races were superior to others. The "Aryan Race," that the Germans belonged to, was superior to all others. These Aryans were supposed to marry each other and have as many children as possible. The Nazis believed that certain other groups were clearly inferior and undesirable in German society: Jews, Blacks, "Gypsies," people with disabilities, and homosexuals were all viewed in this way. According to the Nazis, these people did not only belong in German society. They would have to be removed.


The Nazis did not believe in democracy. Democracy brought the least capable people into power in their view. Democracy meant useless conversation and discussion. What was needed was a strong leader who could take the drastic measures needed to make the country healthy again. Despite their dislike for democracy, the Nazis realized in the late 1920’s that the best way to gain power was to use democratic means. But once they could gain power, democracy would have to be scrapped and all political opponents eliminated. In the ideal Nazi society, there was no place for other political parties, such as the Social Democrats and the Communists. These were strong parties at the time. German life was also full of international influences. For instance, jazz and swing music from the United States were popular. The Nazis rejected this music and many other forms of art and literature as "un-German" and therefore worthless. For the German people to become proud of their own traditions again, these art forms would have to be bannished from society.
Copyright photo: Spaarnestad Fotoarchief, Haarlem
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 21 November 2018
Then: 20 November 1945

Leading Nazis are brought to trial in Nuremburg (Germany). Some are sentenced to death, others to long prison sentences.