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The Death of Peter van Pels
Peter in Mauthausen
Freed Prisoners in Mauthausen
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The death of Peter van Pels
Prisoners from Dachau during a "death march."

By January 1945, the Russian army is advancing steadily. The Nazis are growing anxious, and decide to evacuate Auschwitz. All prisoners who can still walk have to leave. Peter van Pels is one of them. It is the middle of winter. These evacuations are called "death marches," because so many prisoners die of exhaustion or are shot by the guards. After a grueling journey, Peter van Pels arrives at Mauthausen concentration camp on January 25, 1945. He dies there on May 10,1945.
Photo credit: Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site.
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 20 February 2018
Then: 19 February 1945

Some 30,000 United States Marines land on the Western Pacific island of Iwo Jima, where they encounter ferocious resistance from Japanese forces. The Americans take control of the strategically important island after a month-long battle.

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