Home
All themes
Theme
The End
Subject
The Helpers
Sources
Imprisoned in Amersfoort
Amersfoort Camp
Kleiman Released
Kugler Escapes
Kugler's Forged Identity Card
After the War
Printable version
The Helpers

After the arrest, two of the helpers, Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler, are taken to this prison on the Amstelveenseweg in Amsterdam. After the war, Victor Kugler marks the cell he was held in: B3 – 11. Johannes Kleiman was held in the next cell.

After a month, Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler are transferred to another prison. On September 11, 1944 they are sent to Amersfoort concentration camp in the Netherlands. Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl were not arrested; Miep because she insisted that she knew nothing about the people in hiding, and Bep because Johannes Kleiman made up an excuse which let her get away. After the arrest these women keep the business running.
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 11 December 2017
Then: 11 December 1941

Germany and Italy declare war on the United States; the U.S. respond in kind.

View the timeline