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The End
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The Death of Margot and Anne
Sources
Hanneli Goslar on Anne
« You could really see both of them dying. . .»
Bergen-Belsen
Liberation of Bergen-Belsen
Survivors
Further Reading
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From Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen
This photo shows the entrance to Auschwitz.

Anne, Margot and their mother stay together after their arrival. Auguste van Pels is in another barracks. They have to do heavy work, like carrying rocks. Sometimes they have to stand outside for hours while the Nazis count them. Anyone who is sick is killed in the gas chambers.

At the end of October 1944, Anne and Margot have to leave Auschwitz. The Nazis want to take to Germany as many prisoners as possible who are still able to work. Anne’s mother stays behind. She dies in January 1945 of illness and exhaustion.

Bergen-Belsen

At the time of their mother’s death, Anne and Margot are in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. The conditions in the camp are appalling. It is overcrowded and there is very little food. Many prisoners become ill and die. A few weeks later, Auguste van Pels arrives in Bergen-Belsen, but on February 6, 1945 she has to move on again. She is sent to Buchenwald concentration camp, but she dies on the way, sometime between April 9 and May 8, 1945.

Sick

The conditions in Bergen-Belsen grow even worse. Anne and Margot become desperately ill. Margot is the first to die, in February 1945, and Anne dies a few days later. Bergen-Belsen is liberated by British troops only a few weeks later.
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 11 December 2017
Then: 11 December 1941

Germany and Italy declare war on the United States; the U.S. respond in kind.

View the timeline