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Victor Kugler

Asked after the war why he helped the people in hiding, Victor Kugler replied:

"I couldn’t do otherwise. I had to help them: they were my friends. In never told my wife anything, she was very ill. I didn’t want to worry her and so I couldn’t talk about it at home. For the people in hiding, their lives changed completely. They had to be completely silent, especially during the day. But for us helpers too it was a tense, frightening time. Our greatest fear was that the hiding place would be discovered. I had to put on a good ‘act’ in front of Otto Frank’s former business partners, customers and the neighbors."

From Victor Kugler, the man who hid Anne Frank: his memoirs in his own words, by Eda Shapiro (1996).
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 19 February 2018
Then: 19 February 1945

Some 30,000 United States Marines land on the Western Pacific island of Iwo Jima, where they encounter ferocious resistance from Japanese forces. The Americans take control of the strategically important island after a month-long battle.

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