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Theme
Secret Annex
Subject
The Hiding Place
Sources
The Front of the Building
The Rear of the Secret Annex
Inside the Secret Annex
Otto Frank’s Office
The Front Office
Victor Kugler’s Office
The Movable Bookcase
The Movable Bookcase Closed
Otto, Edith and Margot Frank’s Room
Anne Frank and Fritz Pfeffer’s Room
Hermann and Auguste van Pels’s Room
Peter van Pels’s Room
The Westertoren
Printable version
The Hiding Place

This aerial photo gives a good view of the hiding place: the Secret Annex. In early 1942, Otto and Edith Frank already realize they may have to hide from the Nazis. They prepare the annex as a secret hiding place. There are many small businesses in the area, so nobody would find it unusual if smoke would be seen coming from the chimney during the weekends. They agree that the van Pels family can also use the hiding place if they need to.

On July 5, 1942, the moment that Otto and Edith Frank have been dreading arrives: Margot receives her call-up papers. Otto and Edith decide to go into hiding the very next day. A week later, the van Pels family joins them: father Hermann, mother Auguste and their son Peter. Fritz Pfeffer joins them in hiding in November - a total of 8 people are now in hiding.

Hidden away

Business carries on as usual in the front part of the building. Otto Frank’s employees, who are helping the people in hiding, have to continue their work as normally as possible. No one must notice that there are people hiding in the Secret Annex. During the evenings and at weekends, if no one else is around, the people in hiding can come into the front part of the building.
Anne Frank Guide
This day in history
Today: 11 December 2017
Then: 11 December 1941

Germany and Italy declare war on the United States; the U.S. respond in kind.

View the timeline